The numerous burials from the Agora cemetery have yielded a vast wealth of findings. All the graves contained funeral gifts, while the richest ones featured, apart from the necessary drinking pots, luxury artefacts of ivory, jewellery, bronze vessels and weapons. 

The number of the vessels varies from 1 to 25-30 (in graves with multiple burials). More than half of the approx. 280 vessels unearthed from the graves were undecorated. Among the decorated vessels are hydriae, stirrup jars, kraters, ‘Champaign’ cups, kantharoi, pyxides, alabastra, askoi, rhyta, procchooi, bowls and shallow vessels. Common decorative motifs include nautiluses, octopuses, flowers and vegetation (lily, palm tree, ivy, papyrus plant), as well as geometrical patterns they occur in the usual types of Mycenaean figurines (Phi, Psi, Τau) and come from three –in all probability children’s– burials. They are dated to between the 15th and the 14th cent. BC. 

Among the ivory objects an exquisitely crafted pyxis, decorated with themes of Mycenaean inspiration, stands out: two gryphons in bass-relief are depicted hunting a pair of large and two smaller deer in a rocky landscape. It is dated to the middle of the 15th cent. BC, like a second pyxis, smaller in size and found in the same grave, decorated with a triple line of nautiluses.
In the otherwise rich burials in the Agora, jewellery is extremely rare. One impressive golden ring stands out: it bears a depiction of a bull-headed man running in front of two standing female figures; its content is possibly ritual or mythological. The connection with Theseus and the Minotaur is contested, for the ring with the masked man dates to the early 14th cent. BC.
Artefacts of metal are few: just three bronze vessels have been found. A warrior’s burial contained weapons: these arms consist in a long broadsword and a short blade, and were deposited on a wooden table in grave III. Sporadic bronze weapons and tools, like swords, knives, mirrors, arrowheads and spearheads, were discovered dispersed in graves or apothetes.


1. Lustreless Minyan hydria of the late Middle Helladic Period. Agora Museum P 10435 (Vermeule, pl. 18, n° 271) 
2. Grave XL (under the Middle Stoa. Pictorial reconstruction by Ι. Travlos. Camp, p. 44, pic. 10).
3. Grave XL. Findings (Camp, p. 47, pic. 12).
4. Grave I-16. Ivory pyxis with lid, decorated with a depiction of hunting gryphons (Camp, tableVIII).
5. Grave VIII-6. Golden ring with a depiction of bull-headed man and two women. Early 14th cent. BC. (Camp, table ΙΧ, upper right).


The project "Virtual Reality Digital Collection 'The Ancient Agora of Athens'" has been co-funded in a percentage of 80% by the European Regional Development Fund and in a percentage of 20% by state funds in the framework of the Operational Programme "Information Society" of the 3rd Community Support Framework.

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